Giving Credit Where Credit is Due
When creating a project or writing a paper, it is important to remember that you need to cite your sources. And you need to give credit for everything - not just direct quotes. Pictures, videos, ideas and information that you read somewhere else needs to be cited. Think about it this way: let's say took a really cool picture of..ants. And you posted that picture on your Facebook page. Six months later, you open National Geographic (or Ant Lover's Digest) and there's your picture! It's been changed a little - the background is a different color and the ants are bigger, but it's definitely yours. And some other schmoe recieved a cash prize of $10,000 for submitting the picture! It may not seem like using information from books or the web is the same as the above scenario, but ethically, it is. So when you're writing a paper or creating a project, make sure that you always give credit for the ideas, images, videos and sound bytes that you use that you do not create yourself.

Parenthetical or in-text citations (citing a source within a text or document)
When citing a source within a document it's important to note the author or origin of a source and the page number (if applicable). If you've mentioned the author/origin in context, you do not need to repeat it in the parenthesis.
Example:

According to Miss Cucchetti, author of the book Hidden Library Treasures, "a library isn't just books. It's an information center - information about any and everything." (9)
or
In her book, Hidden Library Treasures, Miss Cucchetti states that the library isn't just a place to find books, it's also a great resource for finding information (9).
or
The library is more than just books, it's a place to find information (Cucchetti 9)

Other tips to remember:
  • The citation goes at the end of the information you paraphrased, or right after the quote.
  • Double check the text and make sure the author and location are easily identifiable either in the text or the citation.

Tips on Avoiding Paraphrasing (this website says it better than I can...)

Still not sure? Use these websites to help you decide how to cite a source within a document.

MLA Style
APA Style
Purdue Online Writing Lab (OWL) .
Purdue Online Writing Lab (OWL)
All StylesEasyBibDuke University Libraries

Attribution (citing sources of images, videos and soundbites)
Just like the example above, you have to give credit for everything - not just quotes. Because technology changes so quickly and so much, it's difficult to keep up with attribution rules and standards. However, what is most important is that you give credit to the author/creator and the location.
Helpful hints:
  • MOST IMPORTANT - make sure you aren't using copyrighted materials! Especially when creating online prjects.
  • Give credit to the author/creator
  • Include the web address if using online resources.



Creating a Works Cited Page
There are various ways to create a works cited or bibliography. Depending on which citation style your teacher/professor wants you to use, you will have to adjust your bibliography accordingly. Just remember these few tips:

Alphabetical order by author's last name
Two spaces between each source
Give as much information as possible
Bibliography/Works Cited is always a separate page

Using a library book? The new Marmot system makes your citations for you!!! Search for your book, then click the "Cite This" button in the upper right hand corner of the record. Voila! Simply copy and past the proper entry into your document. Timberwolf Online Catalog

If it's not a library book, here are some citation machines (websites that do the work for you). Just plug in all the information you have and then copy and paste into your document.

EasyBib - Citation maker

OSLIS - Secondary Student Citation Maker


Knightcite - Citation Maker